Women are an indispensable part of society. In India, several acts have been enacted over the years to provide holistic legal protection to women. Some of the major acts include:
- The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956
- The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
- The Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986
- The Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987
- Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005
- The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition And Redressal) Act, 2013
There have been massive movements from time to time in many parts of the world & India for women protection. As an impact, several legal rights have been offered to every woman in the country. Here are 6 fundamental legal rights for women that apply to any situation or any part of India, irrespective of the case or scenario:
Right to Free Legal Aid
A woman has the right to free legal aid in case she visits a police station without a lawyer. According to a ruling the Honorable High Court of Delhi, a woman, while reporting a crime such as rape, deserves the right to legal representation and aid and the authority has to arrange a lawyer for the victim.
Right to Privacy
Under Sec 164 of the CPC, a woman has the right to record her statement in privacy, in case of rape. The statement can be recorded in front of a magistrate and the police must offer privacy without harassing her in front of the public or others.
Right to Untimely Registration
Police cannot refuse to register a complaint even if a woman has postponed her decision to report. She has every right to protect her dignity and reputation that can lead to late reporting of an incident.
Right to Virtual Complaints
A woman can register an official complaint with Police via an Email or even a registered post, in case she isn’t willing to go to the Police Station. This is in accordance with the legal guidelines issued for virtual complaints by the Delhi Police.
Right to Zero FIR
As per the Honorable Supreme Court, a woman who has been a victim of rape can register a police complaint in any police station. No officer can deny filing an FIR saying that the area doesn’t come under its jurisdiction.
Right to No Arrest
The Honorable Supreme Court has ruled that a woman cannot be arrested after the sunset and before sunrise, even in the presence of women constables. In case it is extremely urgent and critical, written permission from the magistrate must be acquired & furnished.
India has come a long way in providing legal protection to women of the country. With more focus on making Indian work and public spaces more women-friendly, more women-centric laws and acts are sure to be enacted in the near future.
However, we need more awareness and knowledge in the area of Business Law and Domain
Zane works at The Muscovitch Law Firm They got expertise in Business Law, Trademark Law and Domain Name Law.
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